Genus/species (aliases): Lactobacillus leichmannii
Gram Stain: Positive
Colony: about 1 mm in diameter
Liquid Growth: likely dispersed; morphology on liquid growth could not be determined.
Adensoylcobalamin is required as a cofactor for the bacteria’s enzyme, Ribonucleotide reductase. This enzyme is responsible for the transformation of nucleoside triphosphates into deoxynucleotides. Arginine is an amino acid used by the bacteria to make energy compounds, such as ATP. Other products include carbon dioxide as well as ammonia. DNA synthesis for this bacteria is counteracted by vitamin B12.
Found within animal intestinal tracts.
Role in wine:
Rarely found in wine, when found suggests contamination of grapes perhaps from fertilizers.
- Acids: tolerant
- Ethanol: Low tolerance
- Anaerobiosis: Heat