Genus/species (aliases): Gluconacetobacter entanii
Gram Stain: Gram negative
Cell: non motile, non flagellated rods, preferentially in pairs
Colony: Small round light grey to light brown colony
Liquid Growth: (ie dispersed, pellicle, film, clumpy)
Physiological Traits: Growth only shown in the presence of ethanol and acetic acid.
Ecological Traits: This microbe has only been found in high acid spirit vinegar fermentations.
Distinguishing Features: Only grows in the presence of acetic acid and ethanol with weak growth shown on sorbitol.
Role in wine: None found, though it will only grow in concentrations of ethanol and acetic acid above 6%. Has been identified in musts and juices.
- pH: >2.2
- Acids:needs acetate
- Ethanol: >3%