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Eugene W. Hilgard

Portrait of Hilgard

Publications of Professor Eugene W. Hilgard in the Bulletin of the California Agriculture Experiment Station


Eugene Hilgard must have been an amazing scientist and person, but sadly most descriptions of him classify him only as "soil scientist". He published a significant book, Soils, towards the end of his career, but he was a member of the National Academy of Science and the first Professor of Agriculture in (and later Director of) the University's Experiment Station when it was at Berkeley. Although Hilgard Hall on the Berkeley campus houses the Soils Department today, nothing honors his contributions to the foundations of the grape and wine industry of California. Below (Marked with an *), are the titles of his 44 publications in Bulletins of the Agricultural Experiment Station, involved grapes and wine. While he published 91of first 140 Bulletins, an amazing contribution in itself, almost half of them were on topics as diverse as treatments for Phylloxera and the measurement of red wine color. He evaluated the "rare" cultivars Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petite Verdot, Syrah, Mondeuse (# 34, 35 and 37) more than 75 years before they would be reintroduced and evaluated in the new Californian wine industry. His works on color and tannin extraction (#60, 63, 68, 69 and 77) as a function of temperature and cap type, are as relevant today as they when they were written. His measurements of the color extraction during red wine fermentations predate any similar data in any European language, by almost than 50 years. His "misconceptions" article (#67 ) might be considered essential reading for the winemakers and winery owners of today, and if he had not prevailed in the establishment of the Station, its mission of scientific research, and research into viticulture and enology, California would not be known for its wine. He truly was the father of this Department and of an industry in which he is virtually unknown. This is why we have named the Hilgard Project after him and may he always be remembered for his pioneering contributions to the scientific understanding of grapes and wine. Roger Boulton Scott Professor of Enology Department of Viticulture and Enology University of California, Davis November, 2002


1 Examination of the water of the San Fernando Tunnel, Los Angeles County. / E. W. Hilgard. [January 1884].; 1 p., tab.
2 [Plant distribution. ]/ E. W. Hilgard. January 1884.; 1 p.
3* [Remedies for the phylloxera.]; Failure of cuttings. / E. W. Hilgard. January 1884.; 1 p.
4 [Analysis of tanning materials.]/ E. W. Hilgard. January 1884.; 1 p., tab.
5 Notice regarding distribution of plants. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1884.; 1 p.
6* Comparative examination of claret grapes from Fresno and Livermore Valley. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1884.; 1 p., tab.
7 Examination of irrigation waters. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1884.; 1 p., tab.
8 Examinations of fertilizing materials.; Examinations of soils. / E. W. Hilgard. March 1884.; 1 p., tab.
9* Examination of Zinfandel wines. / E. W. Hilgard. April 1884.; 1 p., tab.
10 Examination of soils. / E. W. Hilgard. April 1884.; 1 p., tab.
11 Concerning the census report "On the physical and agricultural features of California." / E. W. Hilgard. May 1884.; 1 p.
12* Examination of Zinfandel wines. / E. W. Hilgard. May 1884.; 1 p., tab.
13* Examinations of red or claret wines from Mr. H. W. Crabb, Oakville, Napa County. / E. W. Hilgard. August 1884.; 1 p., tab.
14 Examinations of artesian waters from the San Joaquin Valley. / E. W. Hilgard. August 1884.; 1 p., tab.
15 Examinations of soils from southern California. / E. W. Hilgard. August l884.;1 p., tab.
16 Entomology in the College of Agriculture. / C. H. Dwinelle. September 1884.; 1 p.
17* The Muscat grape on the southern mesas.; Examination of soil from Ontario Colony. / E. W. Hilgard. s. d.; 1 p., tab.
18* Mr. J. A. Bauer's phylloxera remedy.; Examination of soil from San Diego peninsula. / E. W. Hilgard. October 1884.; 1 p., tab.
19* Observations on the phylloxera made during 1884. / F. W. Morse. October 1884.; 1 p.
20 Examination of stream and well waters. / E. W. Hilgard. October 1884.; 1 p., tab.
21* Examination of red wines from Sonoma and Napa counties. / s. n. s. d.; 1 p., tab.
22 University seed distribution. / C. H. Dwinelle. November 1884.; 2 p.
23 Vintage work in the viticultural laboratory, 1884. / E. W. Hilgard. November 1884.; 2 p.
24 Examinations of grape-growing soils. / E. W. Hilgard. s. d.; 2 p., tab.
25* Examinations of Alameda County vineyard soils. / s. n. s. d.; 2 p., tab.
26 Examinations of miscellaneous vegetable substances. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1884.; 2 p.
27 Examination of soils from the northern coast range region. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1884.; 2 p., tab.
28 Examination of tule, marsh and alkali soils. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1884.; 2 p., tab.
29 Distribution of plants and scions. / E. W. Hilgard. December l884.; 1 p.
[30] Concerning specimens sent for examination.; Examinations of various upland soils. / s. n. s. d.; 2 p.
31* Examinations of Trousseau and Burger wines. / E. W. Hilgard. January 1885.; 2 p.
32 Examinations of well and spring waters. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1885.; 2 p., tab.
33 Examinations of soils and waters. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1885.; 2 p., tab.
34* Experiments on the growth of cuttings from wild American vines. [Vitis riparia] [V. aestivalis] [V. californica] [V. arizonica]/ E. W. Hilgard. March l885.; 2 p., tab.
35* Investigations of wines from rare grape varieties.; Grown by the Natoma Water and Mining Company, Folsom, 1884.; [Mondeuse, Sirah-Petite Sirah, Syrac &c.]/ E. W. Hilgard. April 1885.; 3 p., tab.
36 Examinations of soils and subsoils. / E. W. Hilgard. April 1885.; 2 p., tab.
37* Investigations of wines from rare grape varieties.; Grown by the Natoma Water and Mining Company, Folsom, 1884.; [Cinsaut or Boudales, Petit Bouschet, Verdot, Merlot]/ E. W. Hilgard. April 1885.; 3 p., tab.
38* Investigations of wines from rare grape varieties.; Grown by the Natoma Water and Mining Company, Folsom, 1884.; [Beclan, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon]/ E. W. Hilgard. April 1885.; 3 p., tab.
39 Analyses of oranges and lemons from the Riverside Citrus Fair, March 1845 [1885]/ E. W. Hilgard. May 1885.; 2 p., tab.
40* [Investigations of wines from rare grape varieties] Clairette Blanche, [Rousanne, Marsanne]/ E. W. Hilgard. May 1885.; 2 p., tab.
[40.5*] Viticultural cellar and laboratories. / s. n. May 1885.; 2 p.
42* Vintage work in the viticultural laboratory, 1885. / E. W. Hilgard. August 1885.; 2 p.
43* Analyses of Santa Clara Valley red wines. / E. W. Hilgard. September 1885.; 2 p., tab.
44 The "bedrock lands" of the Sacramento County. / E. W. Hilgard. October 1885.; 2 p., tab.
45* Grafting the California wild vine. / E. W. Hilgard. October 1885.; 2 p.
46* Grafting and fruiting of resistant vines. / George Husmann. October 1885.; 2 p.
47 Seed distribution. / E. W. Hilgard. s. d.; 2 p.
48* Investigations upon the mercurial phylloxera remedy. / E. W. Hilgard. November 1885.; 2 p.
49 Examinations of soils from the Bay Region. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1885.; 3 p., tab.
50 Distribution of plants and scions. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1885.; 2 p.
51* The wines of 1885. / E. W. Hilgard. January 1886.; 2 p.
52 Alkaline washes for fruit trees. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1886.; 2 p.
53 Irrigation, drainage and alkali. / E. W. Hilgard. April 1886.; 2 p.
54* Condensed grape must and its uses. / E. W. Hilgard. April 1886.; 2 p., tab.
56* Whale-oil soap insecticide washes.; The sulphuring of vines. / E. W. Hilgard. May 1886.; 2 p.
57* Vintage work and instruction in the viticultural laboratory, 1886.; Course of instruction in viticulture and vinification.; Suggestions to senders of grapes, wines, etc. / E. W. Hilgard. August 1886.; 3 p.
59* [The experimental vineyard at Cupertino.]/ E. W. Hilgard. November 1886.; 3 p., tab.
60* Colorimetric measurement of wines. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1886.; 2 p., tab.
61 Distribution of seeds and plants. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1886.; 3 p.
62* Distribution of cuttings and scions. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1886.; 3 p.
63* Experiments on methods of fermentation. / E. W. Hilgard. January 1887.; 3 p., tab.
64* Planting and grafting resistant vines. / E. W. Hilgard. January 1887.; 3 p.
65* Shall California make sophisticated wines? / E. W. Hilgard. January 1887.; 3 p.
66* The principles and practice of pasteurizing. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1887.; 2 p.
67* Misconception of the University viticultural work. / E. W. Hilgard. March 1887.; 1 p.
68* University distribution of seeds, plants, etc.; Influence of the mode of fermentation on the color of wines. / E. J. Wickson. April 1887.; 3 p., tab
69* Wine colors, and color-wines. / E. W. Hilgard. June 1887.; 3 p.
70* Abnormal deposits on vine leaves.; Mysterious death of vines.; Remedy for the Anthracnose of vines. / E. W. Hilgard. June 1887.; 3 p.
72 Sugar beets at Fresno. / E. W. Hilgard.; The Hessian fly and resistant grains. [Cecidomyia destructor]/ E. J. Wickson. August 1887.; 3 p., tab.
74* Vintage work and instruction in the viticultural laboratory.; The choice of resistant stocks. / E. W. Hilgard. August 1887.; 3 p.
75 Spray and band treatments for the codlin [codling] moth. [Carpocapsa pomonella, L.]/ E. J. Wickson.; Difficult fermentations. / E. W. Hilgard. November 1887.; 4 p.
76 Distribution of seeds and plants. / E. W. Hilgard. December 1887.; 4 p.
77* The extraction of color and tannin during red-wine fermentation. / E. W. Hilgard. March 1888.; 3 p., tab.
78* Report on the establishment of outlying stations. / E. W. Hilgard. March 1888.; 3 p.
80 Progress on the Experiment Station work. / E. W. Hilgard. August 1888.; 4 p.
82 The lakes of the San Joaquin Valley. / E. W. Hilgard. November 1889.; 4 p., tab.
83 The rise of the alkali in the San Joaquin Valley. / E. W. Hilgard. November 1889.; 4 p., tab.
84 Distribution of seeds and plants. / E. J. Wickson. December 1889.; 4 p.
86 Preservative fluids for fresh fruits.; The sulphuring of dried fruits. / E. W. Hilgard. May 1890.; 4 p.
87* The conservation of wines. / E. W. Hilgard. June 1890.; 4 p.
88 The use of fertilizers in California. / E. W. Hilgard. June 1890.; 4 p.
90 Fiber plants for California: The production of ramie. / E. W. Hilgard.; Flax for seed and fiber. / E. J. Wickson. January 1891.; 4 p.
91* Port and sherry grapes in California.; Importation of Italian grapes.; Importation of olives. / E. W. Hilgard. February 1891.; 6 p.
94 Composition of the ramie plant. / M. E. Jaffa.; The fertilizing value of greasewood. / E. W. Hilgard. September 1891.; 8 p.
96 Sulphuring in fruit drying. / E. W. Hilgard.; Fig trees at the experiment stations.; Notes on the Persian palms. / Charles H. Shinn. January 1892.; 6 p., tab.
105 1. The canaigre, or tanners dock. / E. W. Hilgard.; 2. Australian salt bush for alkali soils. [Atriplex semibaccatum]/ M. E. Jaffa. October 1894.; 16 p., tab.
108 The distribution of the salts in alkali soils. / E. W. Hilgard, R. H. Loughridge. August 1895.; 14 p., tab.
111* The work of the College of Agriculture and Experiment Stations. / E. W. Hilgard. September 1896.; 17 p.
113 California walnuts, almonds and chestnuts; Their composition and draft upon the soil. / George E. Colby.; The bleaching of nuts by dipping. / E. W. Hilgard. November 1896.; 15 p., tab.
140 Lands of the Colorado Delta in the Salton Basin. / Frank J. Snow, E. W. Hilgard, G. W. Shaw. February 1902.; 51 p., dia., maps, tab.